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我1959年12月应征入伍,1961年5月20日入党。先后任油机技术,干事,1967年7月奉命参加援越抗美.先后任,副股长、股长,政冶处副主任,团副政委,团纪委书记。1986年1月转业到镇海炼化公司,先后任物资管理处党委副书记、纪委书记,卫生处副处长主持全面工作,分管医疗防疫卫生,环境卫生,绿化,计划生育工作,直至2000年3月退休。我的人生是,任其自然,做好本职,快乐生活,乐趣无穷.

听记+口述=综合口语题目的成败关键(4):如何看笔记做复述?(转载)  

2013-05-30 15:47:58|  分类: 外文学习园地 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
我用有道阅读看到这篇好文,希望和大家分享。我的看法是:

以下原文转载自沪江英语:英语学习门户

听记+口述=综合口语题目的成败关键(4)

如何看笔记做复述?
下面以2012年01月21日的北美新托福口语考试真题中的Question 4为例,详细解析综合口语题的解题思路。
看例题,学答法
Integrated Speaking Task
Question 4 Lecture
Narrator: You will now read a short passage and then listen to a talk on the same academic topic. You will then be asked a question about them. After you hear the question, you will have 30 seconds to prepare your response and 60 seconds to speak.
Narrator: Begin reading now.

Reading Time: 45 Seconds

Mental Set

A mental set is a habit to try to solve problems in a certain way, whether that approach is the most suitable or not. Typically, someone with a mental set has found that a given approach has worked in the past and she or he tends to employ it without reflection in all future cases; however, the approach may not be the most effective way to deal with the current situation. Some researchers describe the problem as an exaggerated type of habit formation.

Narrator: Now hear a talk on the same subject.

Using information from the reading and the lecture, explain how the professor’s example of the mental set relates to the reading passage.

Preparation Time: 30 Seconds

Response Time: 60 Seconds

解题思路

1. 45 秒阅读短文
阅读材料是一段大约75~100词左右的学术文章,开头部分通常会阐述某个学术概念,用于交代背景及为之后的听力内容做铺垫。听力的内容则是教授用具体的例子解释说明文章中的学术概念。阅读文章的内容理论性较强,且抽象、不易理解,考生无需理解文章说的是什么,只需在45秒的阅读时间内做两件事:1)抄标题;2)抄定义。如本题,只需记录如下内容:

Mental Set(标题)

a habit to try to solve problems in a certain way, whether that approach is the most suitable or not(定义,在第一句找)

将所抄内容带入下面的模板,对阅读文章的复述就完成了:

The reading is about an academic concept called mental set which refers to people’s habit to solve problems in a certain way regardless whether or not the approach is suitable.

接下来将阅读和听力内容流畅衔接:
 And the professor explains this concept by giving an example /examples in the lecture.
如果在45 秒内无法找到标题的定义或者没来得及摘抄下来,口述的时候可以这样说:
 The reading is about an academic concept called mental set, and the professor explains this concept by giving an example / examples in the lecture.

2. 听讲座,记录例子的主要内容
教授总是会在讲座的开头重新解释一下标题的定义,这部分内容较抽象,建议不做记录。直到教授说到具体例子时再认真听并做好笔记。本题讲座内容如下( 黑体部分为听记重点):
 [Lecture]
This week then, we’ll be talking about mental sets. Let me emphasize something: a mental set does not necessarily mean you’re mentally ill. But it usually does mean you’re not nearly as efficient as you might want to be. Let me give you an example.(这句话之前的内容都不用理会)
A few years ago when I was still in grad school I had a roommate named Peter. He insisted he could only write his papers on a typewriter. Maybe he was afraid of technology. But, as you may have heard, a typewriter is slow and inconvenient. Once you make a mistake, you have to pause, use correction fluid and wait for it to dry. Or, if it’s late at night and you run out of fluid, you have to type the whole page again.
Both myself and his professors told Peter: use a computer! It’s faster, and it’s easier. It’ll save his time and it’s easy to operate. But until the day he finished school, he never gave up that typewriter. Maybe he still uses it. And why? Because of some fixed idea, a mental set, that there’s only the one way he can do the task.

在听录音的过程中,可记下如下笔记:

prf’s rmt (roommate) Peter →tp wtr →assign~

×cvnt (convenient) & slw

if msk (mistake), again

prf →Peter →cmpt, but still tp wtr ∵mental set

3. 听问题,准备回答
讲座结束后,屏幕上会出现问题,同时会有声音将问题读出来。之后,声音还会告诉考生何时准备、何时开始作答。准备时间为30秒,回答时间为60秒。

4. 30秒准备
利用30秒的准备时间,可以整理笔记,也可练习口述笔记内容。你也许说不完,但可为随后的60秒答题做好准备。

5. 60秒答题
可将本题笔记进行如下展开:

Reading

(Topic)

l mental set

The reading passage is about mental sets.

Listening

(Example)

l prf’s rmt (roommate) Peter →tp wtr (typewriter) →assign~

The professor’s roommate Peter used a typewriter to do his assignments.

l × cvnt (convenient) & slw

The typewriter is not very convenient and is slow.

l if msk (mistake), again

Once you make a mistake, you have to type everything again.

l prf →Peter →cmp, but still tp wtr ∵mental set

The professor suggested Peter use a computer, but Peter still used a typewriter due to a mental set.

注意,在引出具体例子时,可说The professor says that…,有时也可用According to the lecture, … 或Suppose…作开头语。


听记+口述=综合口语题目的成败关键(4):如何看笔记做复述?(转载) - 快乐一兵 - 126jnm5626 的博客 《常远新托福口语真经——年度最新预测真题》(含MP3光盘一张)
作者:常远
出版社:外语教学与研究出版社
责任编辑:许圆圆
版次:2013年5月1版1次印刷
定价:49.00
开本:16K
注:本文内容节选于《常远新托福口语真经——年度最新预测真题》一书。本书由外语教学与研究出版社出版,沪江英语授权转载部分内容。


听记+口述=综合口语题目的成败关键(4):如何看笔记做复述?(转载) - 快乐一兵 - 126jnm5626 的博客听记+口述=综合口语题目的成败关键(4):如何看笔记做复述?(转载) - 快乐一兵 - 126jnm5626 的博客

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